Primary Site name: AMMAN/CITADEL
Other Site Names: JADIS: 2315002, Amman Citadel, AMMAN / CITADEL
Governorate: AMMAN Sub-governorate: Al-Jam'ah
MEGA Number: 2682
Site Map:
Coordinates (Long Lat): 35.93287 31.95682, 35.9331 31.95682, 35.93329 31.95682, 35.93345 31.95678, 35.93377 31.95669, 35.9339 31.95664, 35.934 31.9566, 35.93405 31.95656, 35.93426 31.95648, 35.93466 31.95628, 35.93499 31.95599, 35.9351 31.9559, 35.93518 31.95568, 35.93526 31.95555, 35.93542 31.95525, 35.93558 31.95509, 35.93579 31.95492, 35.93592 31.95484, 35.93633 31.95455, 35.9365 31.9545, 35.93669 31.95451, 35.93722 31.95459, 35.93738 31.95465, 35.93756 31.95467, 35.93784 31.95474, 35.93807 31.95479, 35.93823 31.95485, 35.93893 31.95492, 35.93901 31.95489, 35.93909 31.95481, 35.93922 31.95431, 35.93916 31.95424, 35.93884 31.95411, 35.93866 31.95408, 35.93812 31.95402, 35.93787 31.95397, 35.93765 31.95397, 35.93737 31.95392, 35.93722 31.95388, 35.93681 31.95382, 35.93661 31.95375, 35.93649 31.9537, 35.93604 31.9536, 35.93583 31.95345, 35.93547 31.95327, 35.93501 31.95306, 35.93467 31.95303, 35.93444 31.95313, 35.93423 31.95315, 35.93405 31.95326, 35.93383 31.95369, 35.93372 31.9538, 35.9336 31.95392, 35.93348 31.95408, 35.93339 31.95435, 35.93334 31.95463, 35.93329 31.95475, 35.93324 31.95496, 35.93313 31.95522, 35.93296 31.9558, 35.93284 31.95615, 35.93282 31.95626, 35.93274 31.95644, 35.93278 31.95669, 35.93277 31.95669, 35.93287 31.95682
Total Area (m²): 108128.1; Perimeter (m): 1718
Buffer Zone (m): 0
Period(s) Recorded for Site:
9022 (Early Bronze III); 9023 (Early Bronze IV (EB-MB)); 9026 (Middle Bronze IIb-c); 9031 (Iron Age I); 9032 (Iron Age IIa-b); 9033 (Iron Age IIc); 9039 (Hellenistic, Unspecified); 9043 (Nabataean, Unspecified); 9045 (Roman, Late); 9048 (Byzantine, Late); 9050 (Islamic, Umayyad); 9051 (Islamic, Abbasid); 9052 (Islamic, Fatimid); 9053 (Islamic, Ayyubid); 9054 (Islamic, Mamluk); 9058 (Ottoman, Late); 9999 (Unspecified/Unknown Period)
DoA Office Responsible:
Department of Antiquities, Amman
Site Investigators:
Investigator(s): 2007-2008 Data, DOA; None
Investigation Date: None
Site Comments: [e.g., accuracy of coordinates; directions to Site]
Site Significance:
Scientific Value
Historical Value
Aesthetic Value
Social Value
Spiritual Value
Record History:
Last Modified By
Last Modified On
Record Created On July 1, 2010
Record Review Status:
Status: Approved
Reviewer: None
Review Date: None
The following 42 site element(s) have been recognized at this site:
MEGA NumberElement TypePeriod(s) Recorded for Site Element:
14714308 Temple
9045 Roman, Late
14715515 Tower
9053 Islamic, Ayyubid
14716515 Tower
9053 Islamic, Ayyubid
14717301 Church/Chapel
9048 Byzantine, Late
14718301 Church/Chapel
9048 Byzantine, Late
14719304 Mosque
9050 Islamic, Umayyad
14720826 Souk/Market
9999 Unspecified/Unknown Period
14722838 Water Structure, Reservoir (Birket)
9050 Islamic, Umayyad
14723514 Settlement, No Fortifications (Village)
9058 Ottoman, Late
14724603 Kiln
9050 Islamic, Umayyad
14725308 Temple
9045 Roman, Late
14726899 Unspecified/Unknown General Site Element (Specify)
9033 Iron Age IIc
14727901 Sherd/Flint Surface Scatter (Unexcavated)
9043 Nabataean, Unspecified
14728308 Temple
9033 Iron Age IIc
14729834 Water Structure, Aqueduct
9999 Unspecified/Unknown Period
14730513 Settlement, Fortified
9045 Roman, Late
14731418 Tomb, Rock-cut Shaft
9026 Middle Bronze IIb-c
14732901 Sherd/Flint Surface Scatter (Unexcavated)
9031 Iron Age I
14733835 Water Structure, Cistern
9050 Islamic, Umayyad
14734499 Unspecified/Unknown Funerary
9026 Middle Bronze IIb-c
14735902 Sherd/Flint Scatter or Other Material Culture (Excavated)
9023 Early Bronze IV (EB-MB)
14736703 Inscription, Greek
9045 Roman, Late
14737902 Sherd/Flint Scatter or Other Material Culture (Excavated)
9033 Iron Age IIc
14738901 Sherd/Flint Surface Scatter (Unexcavated)
9053 Islamic, Ayyubid
14739899 Unspecified/Unknown General Site Element (Specify)
9039 Hellenistic, Unspecified
14740513 Settlement, Fortified
9050 Islamic, Umayyad
14741902 Sherd/Flint Scatter or Other Material Culture (Excavated)
9032 Iron Age IIa-b
14742304 Mosque
9050 Islamic, Umayyad
14743513 Settlement, Fortified
9999 Unspecified/Unknown Period
14744901 Sherd/Flint Surface Scatter (Unexcavated)
9999 Unspecified/Unknown Period
14745830 Tabun
9050 Islamic, Umayyad
14746901 Sherd/Flint Surface Scatter (Unexcavated)
9039 Hellenistic, Unspecified
14747304 Mosque
9052 Islamic, Fatimid
14748901 Sherd/Flint Surface Scatter (Unexcavated)
9054 Islamic, Mamluk
14749902 Sherd/Flint Scatter or Other Material Culture (Excavated)
9022 Early Bronze III
14750515 Tower
9053 Islamic, Ayyubid
14751513 Settlement, Fortified
9051 Islamic, Abbasid
14752513 Settlement, Fortified
9048 Byzantine, Late
14753301 Church/Chapel
9048 Byzantine, Late
14754838 Water Structure, Reservoir (Birket)
9050 Islamic, Umayyad
14755511 Palace
9050 Islamic, Umayyad
14721511 Palace
9050 Islamic, Umayyad
Site References:
Primary AuthorDateTitle
ABEL F.-M.1908Inscriptions de Transjordanie et de Haute Galilee
AHARONI Y.1950A New Ammonite Inscription
AL-BALADHURI A.B.Y.1866Kitab Futuh al-Buldan , Leiden.
AL-MHAISEN M.1976Jbeyha church 1976
AL-MOKADDASI M.I.A.1877Descriptio imperii Moslemici , Lugduhi Batavorum.
ALAMI Y.1970The Department of Antiquities : Achievements in 1969-1970
ALBRIGHT W.F.1970Some Comments on the 'Amman Citadel Inscription
ALMAGRO A.1980The Photogrammetric Survey of the Citadel of Amman and other Archaeological Sites in Jordan
ALMAGRO A.1982The Restoration of the Umayyad Monumental Constructions on the Amman Citadel (1979-1981)
ALMAGRO A.1979La campana de documentacion fotogrametrica en la ciudadela de Amman y otros monumentos de Jordania = ALMAGRO M. ed.,p.52-60,figs.13-16.
ALMAGRO A.1982El Palacio Omeya de la Ciudadela de Amman = PICCIRILLO ed.,
ALMAGRO A.1983El palacio Omeya de Amman. I. La Arquitectura , Madrid.
ALMAGRO A. & OLAVARRI E.1982A New Ummayad Palace at the Citadel of Amman
AVI-YONAH M. & STERN E.1978Rabbath-Ammon
BAGATTI B.1973Le antiche chiese di Filadelfia-Amman (Transgiordania)
BARNETT R.D.1951Four Sculptures from Amman
BARTOCCINI R.1938La Rocca Sacra degli Ammoniti
BARTOCCINI R.1930Ricerche e scoperte della missione italiana in Amman
BARTOCCINI R.1932Scavi ad Amman della Missione Archeologica Italiana
BARTOCCINI R.1934La terza campagna di scavi sull'Acropoli di Amman
BEN-ARIEH S.1968The Late Bronze Age Temple at Amman
BENNETT C.-M.1978Excavations at the Citadel (el Qal'ah), Amman, Jordan
BENNETT C.-M.1979Early Islamic Amman
BENNETT C.-M.1979Excavation at the Citadel (al Qal'a) Amman 1977
BENNETT C.-M.1975Excavations At The Citadel, Amman, 1975
BENNETT C.-M.1979Excavations on the Citadel (al Qal'a), Amman, 1978 Fourth Preliminary Report
BERMAN A.1976Islamic-Coins , Jerusalem.
BISHEH G.1972A Cave Burial Tomb From Jabal Jofeh El-Sharqi in Amman
BORAAS R.S.1971A Preliminary Sounding at Rujm El-Malfuf, 1969
BORDREUIL P.1973Inscriptions des Tetes a Double Face
BRUENNOW R. & VON DOMASZEWSKI A.1904Die Provincia Arabia auf Grund Zweier in den Jahren 1897 und 1898 unternommenen Reisen und der Berichte fruherer Reisender, 3 vols. , Strassburg.
CAMPBELL E.F.& WRIGHT G.E.1969Tribal League Shrines in Amman and Shechem
CONDER C.R.1882Tour of Their Royal Highnesses Princes Albert Victor and Georgeof Wales in Palestine
CONDER C.R.1889The Survey of Eastern Palestine I : The 'Adwan Country , London.
COULSTON J.C.1984Arms and Armour in Sculpture
CROSS F.M.1969Epigraphic Notes on the Amman Citadel Inscription
DAJANI R.W.1966An Iron Age Tomb from Amman (Jabal El-Jofeh Al-Sharqi)
DAJANI R.W.1966Amman - Jabal el-Qusur
DAJANI R.W.1962A Neo-Babylonian Seal from Amman
DAJANI R.W.1966Jabal Nuzha Tomb at Amman
DAJANI R.W.1966Amman - Excavation of a Late Bronze Age Temple
DANA S.F.1970Luweibdeh Roman Tomb
DORNEMANN R.H.1966Amman - Theater Consolidation
DRIVER G.R.1945Seals from 'Amman and Petra
DRIVER G.R.1953Seals and Tombstones
FRITZ V.1971Erwagungen zu dem spatbronzezeitlichen Quadratbau bei Amman
FULCO W.J.1978The 'Amman Citadel Inscription : A New Collation
FULCO W.J.1979The Amman Theater Inscription
GHAWANMEH Y.D.1979Amman, Hadaratuha wa tarikhuha , Amman. (Arabic)
HADIDI A.1981Archaeological Work of the Department of Antiquities
HADIDI A.1982An EB-MB Tomb at Jabal Jofeh in Amman
HADIDI A.1982A Roman Family Tomb at Amman Citadel Hill
HADIDI A.1974The Excavations of the Roman Forum at Amman (Philadelphia), 1964-1967
HADIDI A.1973A Greek Inscribed Altar from Amman
HADIDI A.1975Ummayyad Bronze coins from Amman
HADIDI A.1970The Pottery from the Roman Forum at Amman
HADIDI A.1973Some Bronze Coins from Amman
HADIDI A.1978The Roman Town-Plan of Amman = MOOREY & PARR eds.,p.210-222,figs.1-5,pls.31-35.
HAMMOND P.C.1960An Ammonite Stamp Seal from 'Amman
HARDING G.L.1946A Nabataean Tomb at 'Amman
HARDING G.L.1951A Roman Tomb in Amman
HARDING G.L.1945Two Iron Age Tombs from 'Amman
HARDING G.L.1948Recent Discoveries in Trans-Jordan
HARDING G.L.1960Amman
HARDING G.L.1950A Find of Great Archaeological Interest and Importance : UniqueStatues of the Iron Age Discovered at Amman
HARDING G.L.1946Excavations in Palestine and Trans-Jordan 1940-2 : 'Amman
HARDING G.L.1958Recent Discoveries in Jordan
HARDING G.L.1951Excavations on the Citadel, Amman
HARDING G.L.1956Excavations in Jordan, 1953-1954
HARDING G.L.1951Two Iron-Age Tombs in Amman
HARDING G.L. & ISSERLIN B.1953A Middle Bronze Age Tomb at Amman = HARDING ed.,
HARDING G.L. ET AL.1953The Tomb of Adoni Nur in Amman = HARDING ed.,
HENNESSY J.B.1966Chronique archeologique : Amman
HENNESSY J.B.1985Thirteenth Century B.C. Temple of Human Sacrifice at Amman
HENNESSY J.B.1966Excavation of a Late Bronze Age Temple at Amman
HENNESSY J.B.1970A Temple of Human Sacrifice at Amman
HENNESSY J.B.1966Supplementary Note (to WRIGHT G.R.H. 1966 in ZAW)
HENSCHEL-SIMON E.1945Note on the Pottery of the 'Amman Tombs
HOADE E.1966East of the Jordan , Jerusalem.
HOMES-FREDERICQ D. & FRANKEN H.J.1984eds., Argile, source de vie. Sept millenaires de ceramique en Jordanie , Bruxelles. (= Documents du Proche-Orient ancien 3)
HORSFIELD G.1924H(ORSFIELD),G.F., Note on the Roman Tomb Called Taba Bur, near Amman
IBN AL-FAKIH1885Kitab al-Boldan , Leiden. (=BGA 5)
IBN KHURRADADHBEH1889Kitab al-Masalik wa'l Mamalik , Leiden. (= BGA 6)
IBRAHIM M.1971Archaeological Excavations in Jordan, 1971
IBRAHIM M.1972Archaeological Excavations in Jordan 1972
ILIFFE J.H.1950Note on Objects of Pseudo-Jet and a Gnostic Gem from Roman Tombat 'Amman
JACOBS L.K.1984The relation between pottery body, firing method and colour ofglazed cooking pots dug up at Amman Citadel in Jordan
JIRKU A.1956Die Welt der Bibel.
KNAUF E.A.1984Abel Keramim
LANDES G.M.1962Rabbah
LANDES G.M.1976Rabbah
LEMAIRE P.1936Inscription monumentale a 'Amman
LITTLE R.M.1983Human Bone Fragment Analysis = HERR ed.,
MACKENZIE D.1911The Megalithic Monuments of Rabbath Ammon at Amman
MCCLELLAN T.1975Quantitative Studies in the Iron Age Pottery of Palestine, 2 vols., Ann Arbor University Microfilms. (Doctoral Thesis)
MCCOWN C.C.1937Epigraphic Gleanings in Transjordan
MCCOWN C.C.1931Archaeology in Palestine in 1930
MENDENHALL G.E.1966Amman - Iron Age Arabic Inscriptions Discovered
MILLER R.1983The Flints = HERR ed.,
MOSCATI S.1951L'epigrafia ebraica antica 1935-1950 , Roma.
MOULTON W.J.1928East of the Jordan Fifty years Ago
NAJJAR M.1991A New Middle Bronze Age Tomb from the Citadel of Amman.
NORTHEDGE A.E.1981Excavation at Qal'at 'Amman (Amman Citadel) 1981. (Unpublished Report for the Registration Center of the Department of Antiquities)
NORTHEDGE A.E.1979The Qasr of Amman
NORTHEDGE A.E.1983The Fortifications of Qal'at 'Amman ('Amman Citadel) : Preliminary Report
NORTHEDGE A.E.1979Amman Citadel Excavations on D Area, 1977-1978
O`CALLAGHAN R.T.1952A Statue Recently Found in 'Amman
ODED B.1969The Amman Theater Inscription
OLAVARRI E.1980Altar de Hermes, procedente de Amman
OLAVARRI E.1979Chronique archeologique : Citadelle d'Amman (1975-78)
OLAVARRI E.1980Altar de Zeus-Ba'alshamin, procedente de Amman
PICCIRILLO M.1984The Umayyad Churches of Jordan
PICCIRILLO M.1983Chiese e mosaici di Giordania 1983 = PICCIRILLO ed.,
PICCIRILLO M.1978Una tomba del Bronzo Medio ad Amman ?
PRITCHARD J.B.1954ed., The Ancient Near East in Pictures , Princeton. (= ANEP)
PUECH E. & ROFE A.1973L'inscription de la citadelle d'Amman
RAFIK M. & DAJANI W.1966Chronique archeologique : Rapport sur les recentes activites duDepartement des Antiquites de Jordanie
REIFENBERG A.1951Ancient Hebrew Seals , London.
REY-COQUAIS J.P.1981Philadelphie de Coelesyrie
ROLLEFSON G.O. ET AL.1982A Burin Site in the Umm Utheina District, Jabal Amman
SALLER S.J.1962Sacred Places and Objects of Ancient Palestine
SASSON V.1979The 'Amman Citadel Inscription as an Oracle Promising Divine Protection : Philological and Literary Comments
SAVIGNAC M.R.1905Chronique : Glanures epigraphiques
SAVIGNAC M.R. & ABEL M.1905Inscriptions grecques et latines
SHEA W.H.1979Milkom as the Architect of Rabbath-Ammon's Natural Defences in the Amman Cidtadel Inscription
SHEA W.H.1981The Amman Citadel Inscription Again
SPIJKERMAN A.1978The Coins of the Decapolis and Provincia Arabia , Jerusalem.
STARCKY J.1974Note on : Zayadine F., "Note sur l'inscription de la statue d'Amman J.1656"
SULEIMAN E.1983A Hoard of Ptolemaic Silver coins from Amman
TELL S.K.1969Notes on the Archaeology of Amman
TOURNAY R.1967Un cylindre babylonien decouvert en Transjordanie
TYLECOTE R.F.1979Slag from the Citadel, Amman, Jordan
VAN SELMS A.1975Some Remarks on the Amman Citadel Inscription
VAN ZYL A.H.1960The Moabites , Leiden. (= Pretoria Oriental Studies 3)
VILLENEUVE F.1984Amman et son passe : le point de vue d'un archeologue
VOGT E.1958Aetas Aeris Recentis in Transjordania
VON HITROWO B.1896Gutachten, betreffend die Nothwendigkeit neuer photographischerAufnamen der Ruinen Palastina's und Syriens
WARD W.A.1964Cylinders & Scarabs from a Late Bronze Temple at 'Amman
WARD W.A.1966Scarabs, Seals and Cylinders from Two Tombs at Amman
WEIPPERT H.1977Rabbath-Ammon = K.GALLING ed., Biblisches Reallexikon = Handbuchzum Alten Testament I 1 , Tubingen,cols.258 ff.
WEIPPERT M.1963Archaologischer Jahresbericht
WEIPPERT M.1965Philadelphia = Lexikon der Alten Welt, Zurich,col.2289.
WRIGHT G.E. & CAMPBELL E.F.1969Tribal League Shrines in Amman and Shechem
WRIGHT G.R.H.1966The Bronze Age Temple at Amman
YASSINE K.N.1975Anthropoid Coffins From Raghdan Royal Palace Tomb in Amman
YELLIN-KALLAI Y.1953Notes on the New Ammonite Inscription
ZAYADINE F.1977The Frescoes of Quseir Amra , Amman.
ZAYADINE F.1979Chronique archeologique : Citadelle d'Amman
ZAYADINE F.1982Amman-Philadelphie
ZAYADINE F.1978An EB-MB bilobate tomb at Amman = MOOREY & PARR eds., p.59-66,figs.1-4,pls.8-10.
ZAYADINE F.1983Un Fascinum pres de l'Odeon d'Amman-Philadelphie
ZAYADINE F.1975Rabbat Ammon and its Citadel
ZAYADINE F.1981Recent Excavations and Restorations of the Department of Antiquities (1979-80)
ZAYADINE F.1982Recent Excavations : A Byzantine painted Tomb at Jebel El Jofeh- Amman
ZAYADINE F.1969A Greek Inscription from the Forum of Amman - Philadelphia A.D.189
ZAYADINE F. ET AL.1975The Archaeology of Amman, 2000 B.C.-750 A.D., Exhibition orgranized by the Department of Antiquities in cooperation with the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany , Amman.
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This report summarizes the existing information in the system and should never be regarded as a final statement on the archaeological site being considered, nor should it be substituted for an on-site survey.